الدولة في الفكر السياسي اليوناني القديم
The Concept of the state represents a vital idea that has been formed after human interaction, and has been revitalized by the philosophers before Christ. This indicates an important axis that is state represents political and legal entity that acts for the sake of achieving welfare and happiness to all its citizens through enforcing law and by which a great state, based on wisdom and know ledge, can be established which has been named (Virtue). Aristotle was not different from the previous philosophers like Plato and Socrates in presenting his thoughts. Aristotle differs from Plato in presenting state as a concept. The latter showed that state can be represented by five types, while Socrates presents all the previously mentioned types according to State frame. This means that the types of states according to Plato were clarified as types of states according to Aristotle. The other difference between Aristotle and Plato is that the statesman is different from the political ruler. Aristotle believes that a statesman differs from the political ruler and a holder the reins of political authority. Both Socrates and Plato believe that the professors have idealistic ideas whereas Aristotle has realistic view point due to the bitter reality that he lived. Accordingly, the image of the state represents a realistic map for the concept of the state.
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